The game actually became immensely popular.
So popular, that crookedness and such twisted ideas that eventually leads people over into collecting success overtime, had been proven worthless and rich in controversy.
The Kefauver committee’s investigation was the next major development on the American gambling scene — in the links between gambling and organized crime.
Like the mobile evangelists at the turn of the century, Senator Estes Kefauver took his audiences to the cities (fourteen in all) throughout the United States.
The publicity for the hearings was created with the television beginner’s medium.
The Kefauver researchers took for granted (often without independent confirmation) that they organized crime controlled play.
Witness after witness (drawn by enforcement agencies) testified that gambling was controlled by a mob and that gambling proceeds were used to finance a multitude of nefarious union activities, including loan sharking, prostitution, the drug that treat and corruption.
In addition, the Kefauver committee presented evidence of massive police corruption and concluded that large-scale illegal gambling was only possible with the cooperation of paid-off policemen.
According to Kefauver informants, mob-controlled its profitable bookmaking empire with the travel wire monopoly.
They further stated that the mob controlled casino gaming (including slot machines) and numbers rackets.
The federal legislation gives the suggested committee to be restricted and to prohibit playing.
At the same time, he invited states and local agencies to step up their application of the laws of the game already on the books.
Although the Kefauver committee hearings widely publicized, the recommendations did not stimulate immediate action.
At the federal level, the only significant legislative action taken was the Wagering Tax Act 1952, which required gamblers to pay a 10 percent tax rate on all the wagers who accepted and buy a gaming stamp of fifty dollars.
The act did not fund by application, however, and the relevant provisions were rarely enforced.
Radioactive precipitation from the Kefauver committee temporarily hampered further legalization of gambling, as evidenced by a 1952 American bar association stated that “the gambling professional should not be in any circumstances or in any degree they are licensed or legalized. ”
A member of the Chicago Crime Commission described briefly the philosophical basis for the freeze feelings: ‘Playing as a trade is wrong. That is the starting point for all the proper discussion on this problem. It is founded not only on morality but on the hard fact that gambling extracts money from normal commercial vital slots to the welfare of a nation. The game is parasitic by nature. ‘
Ten years after the Kefauver hearings, another federal commission, the McClellan committee, presented evidence of the enormous profits that organized the crime garnered by gambling.
Witnesses before the Mclellan committee presented assessments of the volume of illegal gambling ranging from a low level of $ 7 billion to a steep $ 50 billion.
The latter figure was more of the US preventive defense for 1960. One of McClellan’s researchers, Robert Kennedy, was firmly convinced of the baleful gambling influence.
When Kennedy became the US Attorney General, he was able to secure legislation that assigned federal officials more authorities to investigate gambling activities, an action taken because Kennedy and other justice officials had grown disillusioned with local efforts fight illegal gaming.